Civic Status Issues


  • Main source of water is tube well treated and supplied by Kerala Water Authority (KWA)
  • KWA can meet only 50% of drinking water demand
  • About 92% of the households face scarcity issues, due to poor quality of the available water. There have been reports of fluoride, chloride, iron contamination in groundwater
  • Open wells are highly polluted due to salinity and bacterial contamination
  • The situation led to adoption of 18 Reverse Osmosis (RO) plants by the Municipality


  • Network of canals forms the backbone for drainage in the town
  • Current network of open drains is about 25 — 30km in length and is inadequate to meet the present needs of the town
  • Drains are built arbitrarily without taking into account the run off
  • Majority of drains are encroached and/or silted up as private premises & public roadside drains do not have silt traps. The flat topography (slope of ground is in the range of 0 — 15 %) is causing difficulty in free flow
  • Flat slope and high water table (3 mts. below the ground) makes the town highly susceptible to water-logging especially during monsoon


  • Liquid waste from kitchen, bathroom, toilets coming from households, commercial and institutional establishment is currently not managed scientifically
  • Town lacks conventional underground sewerage system and relies on primary kind of disposal mechanism i.e., septic tanks
  • About 83% of the households have septic tanks and other 15% leach pit type latrines
  • Majority of these systems open through perforated/ disjointed pipes (below the ground level) for absorption into the soil
  • High water table and monsoon season cause spillage/leaching from septic tanks and thus causing pollution of canals and ground
  • Canal water has been found to have high content of E-coli counts (38000 per 100ml), BOD (80mg/l), DO (5-6mg/l) and is unfit for human contact


  • Town generates about 75 ton/day of solid waste
  • Major contributors are market, abattoir and households
  • Currently there is no provision of door to door collection. Households have to segregate the waste and deposit the waste to decentralised aerobic composting units
  • Rest of the uncollected waste end up into vacant public land, roads, canal and backwaters and thus, causing pollution
  • The town has recently won the recognition from United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) along with three other cities in Asia and Europe.

Reference: GoK (Government of Kerala). 2013. Master Plan Alappuzha municipality 2031 -(draft).
Available at . Retrieved on 30th October 2017