1) Water and SANITATION
1.1) Preliminary Water and Sanitation Assessment for Alappuzha Town

November 2017

The initiative started with 18 students (from the Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA), IIT Bombay, and 17 students from the SCMS College of Engineering and Technology, Kerala) coming together for a Winter school in November 2017. It was organized by the Kerala Institute of Local Administration (KILA), in collaboration with IIT Bombay. They developed a methodology using open-source mobile applications and Geographical Information System (GIS) to undertake technical and socio-economic analysis of the water and sanitation infrastructure (and related practices) in Alappuzha. The school identified solid and liquid waste pollution in the sub-canals as the major impediment to the health of the canal system.

For more details: Winter School 2017 Report

1.2) Comprehensive Water and Sanitation Assessment for Alappuzha Town

May 2018

A comprehensive water and sanitation assessment of Alappuzha was carried out by the CANALPY team. This included a civil survey of the canals to restore flow, understanding the stakeholders (shops, industries), and the assessing the viability of interventions (including the willingness to pay for improved sanitation systems). This was carried out as a Summer School in May 2018 involving 300+ students (from multiple disciplines) from all over India. Cochin University College of Engineering ( Kuttanadu) partnered CANALPY in this effort.

For more details: Summer School 2018 Report

1.3)Town Level Assessment of Major Polluters and Pollutants in Alappuzha Town

December 2018

CANALPY organized a Winter School in December 2018. The school’s major focus was assessing major polluters and pollutants in Alappuzha town, along with understanding the management of organic and inorganic waste, and the entire waste chain cycle. At the end of the exercise, CANALPY came up the integrated solid and liquid waste management plan for Shadamani canal, one of the sub canals of Alappuzha.

For more details: Winter School 2018 Report

1.4)Assessment of unscientific on-site sanitation systems in Alappuzha

From the surveys carried out during the Summer School, it was determined that the maximum blackwater pollution in the subcanals came from two layers of houses immediately adjacent to the canals. A socio-economic survey of households across six canal sheds was carried out, along with a civil survey of on-site sanitation systems (septic tanks), to identify households with faulty on-site system. After analyzing the survey data, a list of beneficiaries was prepared after consultations with ward councilors and was subsequently submitted to Alappuzha Municipality. This was a list of on-site sanitation systems that needed upgrading. A report was also submitted to the Municipality which included detailed design of septic tank for safe containment, an estimate of costs, and a strategy for speedy implementation. 

1.5)Brand auditing of plastic waste

November 2018

Coming up with a management plan for the plastic waste was part of the total sanitation plan for a canal shed. For this, the amount of plastic waste generated in each household/ward had to be determined. As a first step, Canalpy volunteers from St. Joseph’s college collected plastic waste with the trash bags from over 300 households located across three wards on 11th November 2018. Information on plastic waste management practices was also collected during this period and brand auditing was done to understand possibilities for claiming ‘Extended Producer Responsibility’.

1.6) Efficacy assessment of aerobic systems
This activity was carried out to understand the status and efficiency of existing decentralized waste management systems at the community level.
1.7) Assessment of waste management practices of commercial establishments
Since the primary economic activity in Alappuzha is tourism, a study to identify the liquid and solid waste management practices of commercial establishments including hotels and restaurants in the Municipality area was carried out.
1.8) Assessment of waste management practices of commercial establishmentsIntegrated Solid and Liquid waste management plan for Alappuzha

To have a proper waste management system in place, it is invariably important to understand the entire value chain, starting with the individual households or units. Analysis of the current practices and infrastructure helped in developing a contextual understanding of the current solid and liquid waste management practices. This was critical to developing a comprehensive integrated solid and liquid waste management plan for Alleppey. These plans were prepared for the Shadamani canal and Marthoma canals of Alleppey.

For more details:



1.9) Sanitation master plan for Alappuzha
While systems are currently in place for managing waste generated in Alappuzha town, they require improvements, especially rooting in a scientific approach. To devise sustainable options for environmental infrastructure and to improve institutional capacities to devise, plan, and manage solid waste, CANALPY together with Alappuzha municipality initiated the preparation of a sanitation master plan for the town.
1.10) Study of Haritha Karma Sena(HKS) functioning at three local bodies across Kerala
This study was carried out to identify the best practices of HKS which could be replicated or adapted to the context of Alappuzha. CANALPY members compared the functioning of HKS units in three local bodies across Kerala – Kunnamkulam Municipality, Aryad Grama Panchayat, and Vadakara Municipality. The logistics, hierarchy of functioning, collection schedules, funding mechanisms, households compliance, and other activities of the organization were assessed by the team.
1.11) Assessment of the efficacy of Biogas plants
For understanding the existing status of solid waste management at the household level, a study on the functioning and efficacy of biogas plants installed in the households of Alappuzha was carried out by the CANALPY team, assisted by trained members from Haritha Karma Sena (HKS).
1.12) Waste chain and circular economy of Alappuzha town

CANALPY sought to understand the nature of challenges to move towards a circular economy regime in solid waste management. The major objective of the study was to compile the various solid waste management systems adopted by Alappuzha municipality, suggest improvements for improving the efficiency of existing waste management systems in the municipality.


House No. 26/428, St Thomas Evangelical Church Ln Municipal Stadium Ward, Vellakkinar, Alappuzha, Kerala 688011


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